Written by Creighton Randall, the Shared Use Mobility Center's Program and Development Director (Photo is of the Bollore Group's Autolib EV carshare program in Paris—with 4,000 cars!)
The City of Los Angeles made a big step forward for innovative, equitable mobility this week when the LA City Council authorized a contract with operator BlueCalifornia, a subsidiary of Bollorè Group, to run an electric carsharing program in disadvantaged neighborhoods in central Los Angeles. The program is supported by $1.67 million in grant funds from the California Air Resources Board (CARB) and $1.82 million in EV infrastructure rebates, fee waivers, and in-kind support from the city.
More importantly, it contains several unique elements – from the myriad of benefits it promises to the wide array of partners it involves – that make the pilot truly the first of its kind in the nation.
A great deal of effort, commitment and hard work will still be needed to ensure the project delivers on its objectives. But we think it’s safe to say that, as other cities across the nation look for ways to expand transportation options for their residents, they would do well to follow LA’s example.
Here are 3 reasons why LA’s EV carshare pilot is helping to set the agenda when it comes to urban sustainability and shared mobility:
It Combines Several Unique Elements in One Project
Following the recent passage of Measure M, the launch of Metro Bike Share, and other important developments outlined in the Shared-Use Mobility Center’s (SUMC) Shared Mobility Action Plan for Los Angeles County, this project represents another step forward in creating a network of affordable, environmentally sound transportation choices that work for all Angelenos.
At the core of the project is a unique public-private partnership that will help the program scale toward financial sustainability while putting service to disadvantaged communities at the core of its operations. The pilot includes an array of worthy outcomes, such as:
- Focusing capital-intensive investments in disadvantaged (often urban) neighborhoods. The LA EV Carshare project introduces electric charging infrastructure into communities that rank within the top 10% most disadvantaged communities as determined by the California EPA. Without focused projects like this, such infrastructure may be less equitably distributed.
- Mitigating carbon impacts. With an affordable and convenient all-electric fleet, the LA pilot encourages members to sell or avoid purchase of a private car. As a result, for every vehicle added to a carshare fleet, 9 to 13 private vehicles are taken off the road.
- Generating good jobs. The initial $10 million private investment from Bollorè Group will help to create both short-term and long-term jobs. As part of a City partnership, all jobs tied to this contract must also meet First Source Hiring standards to direct job opportunities to the project neighborhoods.
- Using public funds efficiently. This project leverages at least three private dollars for every public dollar spent. The contract includes commitments to discounting membership and usage costs for low and moderate-income members. And the EV infrastructure – made possible thanks to this initial capital investment from Bollorè Group – reverts to City ownership after 10 years.
This project further signals the changing landscape of shared mobility in Los Angeles, and will also provide an electric vehicle "commons" that, like bus stops and bike lines, optimizes public right of way for collective rather than individual use. The negotiation of this network represents one more step toward the goal of taking 100,000 cars off the road in LA through a combination of shared mobility and transit, as envisioned in SUMC’s Action Plan.
It's Supported By A Wide Range Of Partners
Getting this project right would be impossible without the right mix of stakeholders. Thanks to the efforts of Mayor Eric Garcetti’s Office of Sustainability, the pilot brings together an impressive array of partners whose efforts will be critical to delivering on the promise of this model. They include:
- Los Angeles Department of Transportation (LADOT) will be the lead agency on the project, and holds the advantage of both managing the streets and running the DASH transit service. LADOT has a singular opportunity to build the service as an extension of public transit, making the agency an ideal partner to lead the project. The agency is also uniquely dedicated to this project. By the time it is launched, LADOT staff will have poured more than two years into design and delivery of this incredibly complex model.
- Bollorè Group/BlueCalifornia has unmatched experience in electric carsharing. The company has been operating in Paris since 2011 and launched the BlueIndy EV carshare program in Indianapolis, Indiana last year. BlueCalifornia has agreed to collaborate with the City and community-based organizations through a Steering Committee on program design and outreach activities.
- The project’s Steering Committee will assist in program outreach, an essential element in success. To help ensure the project is relevant and accessible to residents from a wide range of backgrounds, this Steering Committee is led by community-based organizations – including the Koreatown Immigrant Workers Alliance, TRUST South LA, and the Salvadoran American Leadership and Education Fund – will be critical voice towards ensuring that the program is relevant and accessible to residents from a wide range of backgrounds.
- LA Department of Water and Power (LADWP) is assisting with the installation and siting of EV station infrastructure, and offsetting BlueCalifornia's capital investment with $880,000 in rebates towards the construction of these stations.
- Our organization, the Shared-Use Mobility Center (SUMC), will continue to provide technical assistance, evaluation, and planning to support the program's growth. SUMC has established and will report on program metrics – environmental, social, and financial – to CARB and other stakeholders. This program is one of the first to set targets on the basis of income and track against these targets from the outset, and members will be regularly surveyed starting with their enrollment in the program.
It's Built To Scale
In designing this program, and as we move into implementation, SUMC has focused on working closely with both Bollorè Group and the City of LA to ensure that this project is built to eventually become a self-sufficient enterprise while maintaining a focus on serving disadvantaged neighborhoods.
While BlueCalifornia will initially invest $10 million in a sizeable 100-car electric fleet and 200 charging stations, the possibilities are even greater. When you consider that Paris’s Autolib EV carsharing system has expanded to 4,000 vehicles, the idea of a carsharing network that reaches all of LA doesn’t seem quite so far-fetched.
With the possibility of continued support at the state level, public investment may eventually grow to between 10 and 15 times the scale of this first phase, and private sector investment could multiply by a factor of 20 or more over five years. The long-term growth and success of this system will ultimately require rapid market-driven expansion in parallel to public investments, creating an extensive network that serves all Angelenos.
While much more remains to be done, LA can be proud of moving forward on a pilot project that will certainly turn heads in cities around the world in the years to come (in fact, it was already named to the Sustainia100 list of the 100 most innovative urban sustainability projects worldwide).
SUMC is honored to have been a partner in the design of this program, and we look forward to now working with Mayor Eric Garcetti, the Los Angeles Department of Transportation, BlueCalifornia and the project’s many stakeholders to make it a success. Now the real work begins!